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J Obes Metab Syndr 2019;28(1):30-39
Relationship between Obesity and Korean and Mediterranean Dietary Patterns: A Review of the Literature
Published online March 30, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society for the Study of Obesity

Eunhee Choi1, Seong-Ah Kim2, Hyojee Joung1,2,*

1Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea; 2Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
*Hyojee Joung,, Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea, Tel: +82-2-880-2716, Fax: +82-2-883-2832, E-mail:
Received February 8, 2019; Revised February 28, 2019; Accepted March 11, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for various chronic diseases. Among the various risk factors for obesity, diet is one of the most modifiable. This study aimed to review current research on the association between obesity and the Korean diet compared with the Mediterranean diet. An electronic literature search was conducted using Medline and Embase. Totals of 10 and 17 studies were included in this review for the Korean dietary pattern (KDP) and the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP), respectively. These studies mainly applied factor analysis for the KDP and index analysis for the MDP. Only one of 10 KDP articles reported a significant inverse association with obesity, while most MDP studies showed a preventive association with obesity. There are a limited number of KDP studies compared with MDP studies, and the methods of deriving the dietary patterns are different between the KDP and MDP. To produce more conclusive evidence on the association between the KDP and obesity, well-designed and controlled trials or large prospective cohort studies are needed.

Keywords : Diet, Obesity, Mediterranean diet, Review

March 2020, 29 (1)
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