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  6. Yoojin Lindsey Chung. Medical treatment of pediatric obesity. J Korean Med Assoc 2024;67:324
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  7. Hakyung Kim, Seung-Ah Choe, Soo Ji Lee, Joohon Sung, Frank T. Spradley. Causal relationship between the timing of menarche and young adult body mass index with consideration to a trend of consistently decreasing age at menarche. PLoS ONE 2021;16:e0247757
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  12. Ji Yeon Han, Sochung Chung. Evaluation of Agreement of Overweight Screening Criteria in Adolescents: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome 2021;30:289
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  13. Young-Jun Rhie. Characteristics and management of juvenile type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Korean Med Assoc 2024;67:342
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  14. Taemi Kim, Jae-Won Yun, Mia Son, Chae-Bong Kim, Seung-Ah Choe. Age at menarche of adolescent girls and the neighbourhood socioeconomic status of their school area. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care 2023;28:65
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  15. Dong-Hee Ryu, Su-Jin Lee. Regional Adolescent Obesity and Overweight Status in Korea from 2018–2019: Comparison between Two Data Sources. Healthcare 2021;9:1751
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  16. Hae Woon Jung. Current options in obesity pharmacotherapy for children and adolescents. Precis Future Med 2024;8:38
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  17. Jae Hyun Kim. Overview of pediatric obesity: diagnosis, epidemiology, and significance. J Korean Med Assoc 2021;64:401
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  18. Hoon Kim, Mee-Hwa Lee, Dong-Yun Lee, Hyein Kim, Hyun Jung Lee, Miran Kim, Joo Hyun Park, Bo Hyon Yun, Sa Ra Lee, Hyun Hee Cho, Byung Moon Kang. Etiology and Secular Trends in Primary Amenorrhea in 856 Patients: A 17-Year Retrospective Multicenter Study in Korea. J Korean Med Sci 2022;37
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  19. Soyang Kwon, Meme Wang-Schweig, Namratha R. Kandula. Body Composition, Physical Activity, and Convenience Food Consumption among Asian American Youth: 2011–2018 NHANES. IJERPH 2020;17:6187
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  20. Jieun Lee, Jae Hyun Kim. Endocrine comorbidities of pediatric obesity. Clin Exp Pediatr 2021;64:619
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  21. Jihyun Park, Oh Yoen Kim. Macronutrients modified dietary intervention in the management of overweight/obese children and adolescents: a systematic review. Clin Exp Pediatr 2024;67:191
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  22. Jung Eun Choi, Hye Ah Lee, Sung Won Park, Jung Won Lee, Ji Hyen Lee, Hyesook Park, Hae Soon Kim. Increase of Prevalence of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents in Korea during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the KNHANES. Children 2023;10:1105
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  24. Łukasz Kryst, Magdalena Żegleń, Julia Badzińska, Małgorzata Kowal, Agnieszka Woronkowicz. Changes in the adiposity level and prevalence of overweight/obesity among children from Kraków (Poland) within the last decade (from 2010 to 2020). J. Biosoc. Sci. 2023;55:564
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  25. Jieun Lee, Sung-Chan Kang, Obin Kwon, Seung-sik Hwang, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Wook Chae, Jaehyun Kim. Temporal Trends of the Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Children and Adolescents between 2007 and 2020. Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome 2023;32:170
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  26. Susan Taejung Kim, Young-Hwan Song. Nutrition, Body Composition, and Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. IJERPH 2022;19:13272
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  27. Jaewon Choe, Jaehyun Kim, Jin Soo Moon. Cutoff values of body mass index for severe obesity in Korean children and adolescents: the 99th percentile versus 120% of the 95th percentile. Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2023;28:131
    https://doi.org/10.6065/apem.2244058.029
  28. Minseung Kim, Jaehyun Kim. Cardiometabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome based on severity of obesity in Korean children and adolescents: data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–2018. Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2022;27:289
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  29. Sumin Kim, Kyungho Ha. Association between dietary protein intake and overweight and obesity among Korean children and adolescents: data from the 2014–2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Nutr Health 2023;56:54
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  30. Kyoung-Nam Kim, Moon-Kyung Shin. Association of Infant Feeding Characteristics With Dietary Patterns and Obesity in Korean Childhood. J Prev Med Public Health 2023;56:338
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  31. Delia Beatriz Lomaglio, María Dolores Marrodán Serrano, José Edgardo Dipierri, Emma Laura Alfaro, Ignacio Felipe Bejarano, María Florencia Cesani, Silvia Lucrecia Dahinten, Mariela Garraza, Natalia Menecier, Bárbara Navazo, Fabián Aníbal Quintero, Estela María Román, María Fernanda Torres, María Lorena Zonta. Referencias de índice de masa corporal. Precisión diagnóstica con área grasa braquial en escolares argentinos. Arch Latinoam Nutr 2022;72:31
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  32. Su Jin Park. Diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents. J Korean Med Assoc 2024;67:348
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  33. Su-Min Jeong, Jin-Hyung Jung, Ye Seul Yang, Wonsock Kim, In Young Cho, You-Bin Lee, Kye-Yeung Park, Ga Eun Nam, Kyungdo Han. 2023 Obesity Fact Sheet: Prevalence of Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Adults, Adolescents, and Children in Korea from 2012 to 2021. Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome 2024;33:27
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  34. Eun Byoul Lee. What is the disease burden from childhood and adolescent obesity?: a narrative review. JYMS 2024;41:150
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  35. Haewon Byeon. Predicting South Korean adolescents vulnerable to obesity after the COVID-19 pandemic using categorical boosting and shapley additive explanation values: A population-based cross-sectional survey. Front. Pediatr. 2022;10
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  36. Hae Sang Lee. Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Korean Med Assoc 2021;64:432
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  37. Hwa Young Kim, Jae Hyun Kim. Temporal trends in the prevalence of metabolically healthy overweight and obesity in Korean youth: data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2019. Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2022;27:134
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  40. Myoungsook Lee, Yunkyoung Lee, Inhae Kang, Jieun Shin, Sungbin R. Sorn. RMR-Related MAP2K6 Gene Variation on the Risk of Overweight/Obesity in Children: A 3-Year Panel Study. JPM 2021;11:91
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  41. Hyun Jun Kim, Young Jin Tak, Sang Yeoup Lee, Jeong Pyo Seo. Effects of a 12-Week Diet versus Diet plus Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Program on Acylated and Desacylated Ghrelin, and Ghrelin O-Acyltransferase in Adolescent Girls with Obesity. IJERPH 2022;19:1480
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  42. Sinyoung Kang, Mi Jung Park, Jung Min Kim, Jin-Sung Yuk, Shin-Hye Kim, Jun Mori. Ongoing increasing trends in central precocious puberty incidence among Korean boys and girls from 2008 to 2020. PLoS ONE 2023;18:e0283510
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  43. Mi Jin Choi, Hyunju Kang, Jimi Choi. Risk Factors for Obesity in Five-Year-Old Children: Based on Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) Data. Children 2022;9:314
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  44. Jeong Yeon Kim, Heeyeon Cho, Jae Hyun Kim. Difference in the Prevalence of Elevated Blood Pressure and Hypertension by References in Korean Children and Adolescents. Front. Med. 2022;9
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.793771
  45. Siyoung Choe, Jaesin Sa, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Deokjin Kim. Effectiveness of obesity interventions among South Korean children and adolescents and importance of the type of intervention component: a meta-analysis. Clin Exp Pediatr 2022;65:98
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  50. Yong Hee Hong, In-Hyuk Chung, Kyungdo Han, Sochung Chung. Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Korean Children, Adolescents, and Adults Younger than 30 Years: Changes from 2002 to 2016. Diabetes Metab J 2022;46:297
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