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Fig. 4. Muscle weight, pAkt/Akt, and muscle function indicators. (A) Gastrocnemius muscle wet weight, (B) pAkt/Akt ratio, (C) grip strength test, (D) hanging time. GAPDH was used as a normalization control. Values are presented as mean± standard error of mean, and the statistical significance level was set at P < 0.05. *P < 0.05 vs. CON; P < 0.05 vs. HFHS; *,Statistical analysis was performed using one way analysis of variance and independent t-test (indicated as a bar line between groups). 0 week, starting week of intervention; CON, normal diet group; CONEX, normal diet with exercise group; SR, sucrose restriction group; SREX, sucrose restriction with exercise group; HFHS, high fat, high sucrose group; HFHSEX, high fat, high sucrose with exercise group; ND, high fat, high sucrose restriction group; NDEX, high fat, high sucrose restriction with exercise group; Akt, protein kinase B.
J Obes Metab Syndr 2021;30:44~54 https://doi.org/10.7570/jomes20043
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