Korean J Obes 2014; 23(2): 106-115
Published online June 30, 2014
Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.
Si Hwa Kim1.2, Ok Kyeong Yu1, Moon Sun Byun1.2, Youn Soo Cha1.2.*, Tae Sun Park1.3
Department of Obesity Research Center1, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju; Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition2, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju; Department of Internal Medicine3, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Middle aged women at menopause lack strength which leads to decline in their physical activity. As a result, they are more prone to obesity and are at risk of associated disorders. Therefore, middle aged obese women have higher risk of mortality resulting from cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The metabolic syndrome management programs are insufficient in helping middle aged women cope with age related metabolic disorders.
Methods: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of weight management program in 46 aged women (including 16 halfway dropouts) with BMI <23 kg/m2 in Jeollabukdo region. The anthropometry, blood pressure, serum biochemistry, DEXA, dietary behavior, knowledge on nutrition, and nutritional intake data of the subjects were assessed before and after undergoing the weight management program.
Results: Bodyweight, BMI, and body fat percentage of the subjects were significantly (P<0.001) decreased after the weight management program. Also the blood glucose (P<0.01) and LDL-cholesterol (P<0.05) levels were significantly decreased, whereas HDL-cholesterol (P<0.001) was significantly increased. The DEXA results indicated that body fat mass and body fat percentage were significantly decreased, but the lean mass increased significantly (P<0.001). Furthermore, improvements were noted in 10 out of the 15 dietary behavior questions and 6 out of 15 nutrition knowledge’s questions (P<0.05). Energy intake was decreased significantly (P<0.001).
Conclusion: This study suggests that weight management program improves many obesity related parameters as in body fat mass and serum lipid biochemistry thus, promoting a positive health effect.
Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Weight management program, Middle aged women