J Korean Soc Study Obes 1997; 6(2): 185-207
Published online December 30, 1997
Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.
Hwa Ja Lee, Seolhyand Baek, Yong Kir Baek*
Departement of Nursing, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Pusan 602-739, Habuk Elementary School, Kyoung-Nam, 626-860, Korea
In a country with rapid growing economy and changing life styles such as Korea, the high prevalence of childhood obesity, its adverse consequences in the psychosocial development of them, together with its risk of persistence into adulthood, prompted us to development the Childhood Obesity Control Program(COCP) for school-aged children.
Thus, we collected the guidelines and recommendations from an obesity expert committee(N = 36), as well as the natural history of obesity in obese and control subjects; 54 severe obese, 149 moderate obese, 141 mild obese, and 72 normal control.
Also, mothers of obese children(N = 344) were asked to fill in a questionnaire that included child's perinatal history, diet, exercise, health, and behavioral activities. These factors provided a basis for assessment and COCP development.
The results were as follows; Subjects understood the general relationship between diet, exercise, and health. Nevertheless, their daily practices are not consistent with general guidelines of obesity control. To practices, it is necessary to develop an COCP to teach them.
Thus, our COCP is based fundamentally on the following aspects: Knowledge of childhood obesity, way to decrease calories and increase physical activity; emphasized family participation and behavior modification.
Keywords: Childhood obesity, COCP, Diet, Exercise, Behavioral modification