Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome



Korean J Obes 2014; 23(4): 250-256

Published online December 30, 2014

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

Impacting Factors on Weight Control Steps with Respect to Diet Experience and Body Mass Index among University Students

Jeong-Soo Kim1.*, Yu-Mi Lee2

1Department of Nursing, Pukyong National University, Busan; 2Center for Uterine Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Received: May 14, 2014; Reviewed : June 23, 2014; Accepted: August 27, 2014

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background: In modern society, university students are more concerned about their appearance than their health, which leads to excessive dieting. This study investigates the impacting factors on weight control steps according to body mass index (BMI) and diet experiences among university students. Methods: We enrolled 174 college students. A questionnaire was used to collect data on health-related characteristics, dieting experience, BMI, and impacting factors on weight control. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 software. Results: The subjects were divided into 2 groups: students with dieting experience (63.8%) and students without dieting experience (36.2%). Among all the impacting factors on weight-control steps, the 2 groups differed significantly in aspects of ‘dramatic relief’, ‘reinforced care’, ‘helping relation’, ‘conscious raising’, ‘self liberation’, and ‘social liberation’. In comparing the impacting factors in steps of weight control regarding BMI, the main factor among high weight subjects was the ‘dramatic relief’. Conclusion: Impacting factors on weight-control steps with respect to the dieting experience and BMI are important factors of weight control among university students and it should be considered when developing strategies for weight-control health program.

Keywords: Body weight, Body mass index, Universities, Students, Health promotion

General characteristics of participants

Correlation of diet experience, BMI, and impacts on weight control steps

Weight control aspects with respect to diet experience

Weight control aspects with respect to BMI (N=174)

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