Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome

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J Korean Soc Study Obes 1998; 7(4): 332-341

Published online December 30, 1998

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

The Study of Cross Sectional Associations between Alcohol Intake, Cigarette Smoking and Obesity Index in Men

Sang Man Kim, Duck-Joo Lee, Nam-Han Cho1

Department of Family Practice, Ajou University School of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine1, Ajou University School of Medicine

Abstract

This study performed to assess the cross-sectional associations between alcohol intake, cigarette smoking, and obesity index. (body mass index, body fat, waist, waist hip ratio)
Subjects were 718 men aged 19~65 years in Ajou university comprehensive health center. In Results, body mass index and body fat were not significant difference in smokers than in nonsmokers, and body mass index and body fat were not significant difference in alcohol drinkers than in non-alcohol drinkers, but WHR(waist hip ratio) in smokers was significantly higher than in non-smokers. (adjusted age, alcohol intake, activity) A graded does-response relationship was found between the number of cigarette smoked and the WHR.
And Waist and WHR in alcohol drinkers were significantly higher than in non-smokers. (adjusted age, alcohol intake, activity) Also, a graded does-response relationship was found between the amount of alcohol intake and the WHR. The risk of abdominal obesity was 1.51 with 95% confidence interval of 1.03~2.21 in quitter of cigarette smokers versus non-smokers. The risk of abdominal obesity was 1.62 with 95% confidence interval of 1.03~2.54 in heavy drinkers(2500㎉/week) versus non-alcohol drinkers. The heavy alcohol intake was independent risk factor for abdominal obesity.

Keywords: Alcohol intake, Cigarette smoking, Body mass index, Waist, WHR