Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome



J Korean Soc Study Obes 1994; 3(1): 55-63

Published online December 1, 1994

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

Survey of Risk Factor of Childhoos Obesity and the Characteristics of the Family with Obese Child

Chang Youn Lee,Woong Heum Kim

Department of Pediatrics, Kosin Medical College, Pusan, Korea, Department of Pediatrics, Seoul Boramae Hospital,Seoul, Korea*


To study the risk factors of childhood obesity and the characteristics of the parents with obese child, We surveyed 676 primary-school children of 4·5·6th grade living in the isolated residential area for only the one large company employee and their families, located in the suburb, at March 1990.
The results were as follows;
1) The prevalence rate of childhood obesity is 19.2%.
2) The obesity index is significantly increased with the increase of birth weight(p<0.05). But the percentage of obese children is not significantly different according to the duration of breast milk feeding(p>0.05).
3) The percentage of obese children in the group who walk to school, or who exercise regularly, is not lower than ni the group who do not(p>0.05).
4) The parental body mass index of the obese children are higher than those of the non-obese children(p<0.05).
5) There is no significant difference of the percentage of obese children, according to the number of siblings, or to the order of birth(p>0.05).
6) Both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in the obese children are higher than those in the non-obese children(p<0.05).
7) The recognition rate of childhood obesity by the parents with obese child is 74.1%, and most parents with obese child do not know the true medical problems of childhood obesity exactly.

Keywords: Childhood obesity, Risk factors of childhood obesity, Characteristics of the family with obede child