Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome

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Korean J Obes 2010; 19(4): 137-147

Published online December 1, 2010

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

Psychosocial Risk Factors Among Obesity Clinic Patients

Young-Sun Rhee, In-Young Han(1)*

Chosun University Division of Public Administration and Social Welfare; and, Ewha Womans University Graduate School of Social Welfare(1)

Abstract

Background: Even though obese population is growing and women’s obesity is especially becoming a serious
problem, not enough research have given attention to the individual’s psychosocial factors which may play a crucial
role in women’s obesity. Therefore, this study investigates the obesity related factors in adult females by analyzing
the relation between risk factors, such as physical activity, health maintenance factors, quality of life, psychological
and social factors with the degree of obesity.
Methods: A cross-sectional design was used with an exploratory survey method through self-report questionnaires.
Adult women who previously visited the health care center for consultation on obesity were included. A total
of 313 female participants were recruited from hospitals and community health care centers in three different cities
in Korea. Data on obesity related factors, including physical activity and health maintainemce factor,
demographic factor, quality of life, psychological factor, social factor and obesity were collected by self –ソreported
questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS 14.0 for windows.
Results: Mean BMI score of participants was 25.71(SD: 3.19) and 57.7% were overweight according to the
criteria (BMI > 25 kg/m2). The more obese the participants were, there was a greater tendency of history of maternal obesity, tendency to blame their own eating habits and
lack of exercise, experience physical symptoms, go on
frequent diets, and take antihypertensive medications
compared to the non overweight group (P < 0.05). Also,
overweight women had misperceptions of their own body
image, had lower QOL, and experienced higher social
physique anxiety compared to non overweight group (P <
0.05).
Conclusion: These results show the need for
understanding the psychological aspects of obesity in
women. Education and counseling programs that target the
psychological risk factors are necessary for managing
obesity in women.

Keywords: Adult women, Risk factor of obesity,
Social physique anxiety, Quality of life