Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome

Search

Article

Korean J Obes 2011; 20(2): 59-64

Published online June 1, 2011

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

The Effects of Circuit Hydraulic-Combined Training on Body Composition, Blood Pressure, and Blood Lipids in Obese Women

Sung Ha, Dong-il Seo(1)*

Dongguk University; and University of Oklahoma(1)

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 12 week course of 30 minutes of circuit hydraulic-resistance exercise training program on body composition, blood pressure, and blood lipids in obese women.
Methods: The study group comprised of 29 obese middle-aged women, with percent (%) body fat over 30. The subjects were randomly divided into either control group (n = 15) or training group (n = 14). The training group participated in a 12 week course of supervised circuit exercise training program which is a resistance exercise involving the whole body. The exercise lasted for 30 minutes per session and the sessions were held three times per week. The resistance exercise program consisted of one set of 30 repetitions at low intensity on hydraulic-resistance machine. Each resistance exercise included walking on the air-board for one minute. An intensity of 60 to 80% of maximum heart rate (MHR) was maintained during exercise training. The control group did not participate in any exercise program.
Results: All of the studied variables were improved after the intervention. An interaction effect between time and group on body weight, BMI, % body fat, WHR, SBP, DBP, TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C was observed (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: In conclusion, the results of the current study suggest that moderate-low intensity circuit hydraulic-resistance exercise training program, with 12 weeks of duration, could be enough to have a positive influence on body composition, blood pressure, and blood lipids in obese women.

Keywords: Obesity, Hydraulic-resistance circuit exercise,
Body composition, Blood pressure, Blood lipid


Anthropometric characteristics of all groups (Mean ± SD)



Changes of body composition and blood lipids after the exercise intervention


  1. Slentz CA, Houmard JA, Kraus WE. Exercise, Abdominal Obesity, Skeletal Muscle, Metabolic Risk: Evidence for a Dose Response. Obesity 2009;17 Suppl 3:S27-33.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  2. Cornelissen VA, Fagard RH. Effect of resistance training on resting blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Hypertens 2005;23(2):251-9.
    CrossRef
  3. Duscha BD, Slentz CA, Johnson JL, Houmard JA, Bensimhon DR, Knetzger KJ, et al. Effects of exercise training amount and intensity on peak oxygen consumption in middle-aged men and women at risk for cardiovascular disease. Chest 2005;128(4):2788-93.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  4. Durstine JL, Haskell WL. Effects of exercise training on plasma lipids and lipoproteins. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1994;22:477-521.
    Pubmed
  5. Halbert JA, Silagy CA, Finucane P, Withers RT, Hamdorf PA, Andrews GR. The effectiveness of exercise training in lowering blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of 4 weeks or longer. J Hum Hypertens 1997;11(10):641-9.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Kelly GA, Kelley KS. Aerobic exercise and resting blood pressure in older adults: a meta-analytic review or randomized controlled trials. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001;56(5):M298-303.
    CrossRef
  7. Kraus WE, Houmard JA, Duscha BD, Knetzger KJ, Wharton MB, McCartney JS, et al. Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med 2002;347(19):1483-92.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Johnson JL, Slentz CA, Houmard JA, Samsa GP, Duscha BD, Aiken LB, et al. Exercise training amount and intensity effects on metabolic syndrome (from Studies of a Targeted Risk Reduction Intervention through Defined Exercise). Am K Cardiol 2007;100(12):1759-66.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  9. Kraus W, Slentz C. Metabolic syndrome: recognition, etiology and physical fitness as a component. In:Opara E (ed). Nutrition & Diabetes: Pathophysiology and Management. Taylor & Francis: New York; 2006. p.57-78.
    Pubmed
  10. Kim HM, Park J, Kim HS, Kim DH, Park SH. Obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in Korean children and adolescents aged 10-18 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1998 and 2001. Am J Epidemiol 2006;164(8):787-93.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  11. Seo DI, Jun TW, Park KS, Chang HK, So WY, Song W. 12 weeks combined exercise training is better than aerobic exercise for increasing Growth Hormone in middle-aged women. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2010;20(1):21-6.
    Pubmed
  12. Hagerman FC, Walsh SJ, Staron RS, Hikida RS, Gilders RM, Murray TF, et al. Effects of high-intensity resistance training on untrained older men. I. Strength, cardiovascular, metabolic responses. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000;55(7):B336-46.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. Labarque V, T Eijnde BO, Van Leemputte M. Resistance training alters torque-velocity relation of elbow flexors in elderly men. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002;34(5):851-6.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  14. Newton RU, Hakkinen K, Hakkinen A, McCormick M, Volek J, Kreamer WJ. Mixed-methods resistance training increase power and strength of young and older men. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002;34(8):1367-75.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Takeshima N, Rogers ME, Islam MM, Yamauchi T, Watanabe E, Okada A. Effect of concurrent aerobic and resistance circuit exercise training on fitness in older adults. Eur J Appl Physiol 2004;93(1-2):173-82.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Fujimoto WY, Bergstrom RW, Boyko EJ, Leonetti DL, Newell-Morris LL, Wahl PW. Susceptibility to development of central adiposity among populations. Obes Res 1995;3 Suppl 2:179S-86.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  17. Bjorntorp P. Hazards in subgroups of human obesity. Eur J Clin Invest 1984;14(4):239-41.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  18. Martins R, Verissimo MT, Silva CMJ, Cumming SP, Teixeira AM. Effects of aerobic and strength-based training on metabolic health indicators in older adults. Lipids Health Dis 2010;9:76.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  19. Achten J, Jeukendrup AE. The effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on the intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation. J Sports Sci 2003;21(12):1017 -24.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Astorino TA. Is the ventilator threshold coincident with maximal fat oxidation during submaximal exercise in women? J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2000;40(3):209-16.
    Pubmed
  21. Lee SH, Lee YS. Comparison of maximal and minimal fat oxidation exercise intensity and physiological and metabolic variables by treadmill graded maximal exercise test protocols. Korean J Sport Sci 2005;16(1):42-55.
  22. Park DH, Ransone JW. Effects of submaximal exercise on high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol subfractions. Int J Spirts Med 2003;24(4):245-51.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  23. Prabhakaran B, Dowling EA, Branch JD, Swain DP, Leutholtz BC. Effect of 14 weeks of resistance training on lipid profile and body fat percentage in premenopausal women. Br J Sports Med 1999;33(3):190-5.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  24. Wallace MB, Moffatt RJ, Haymes EM, Green NR. Acute effects of resistance exercise on parameters of lipoprotein metabolism. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1991;23(2):199-204.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  25. Elliott KJ, Sale C, Cable NT. Effects of resistance training and detraining on muscle strength and blood lipid profiles in postmenopausal women. Br J Sports Med 2002;36(5):340-4.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  26. Kokkinos PF, Hurley BF, Vaccaro P, Patterson JC, Gardner LB, Ostrove SM, et al. Effects of low- and high-repetition resistive training on lipoprotein-lipid profiles. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;20(1):50-4.
    CrossRef
  27. Kelley GA, Kelley KA, Tran ZV. Aerobic exercise and resting blood pressure: a meta-analytic review of randomized, controlled trials. Prev Cardiol 2001;4(2):73-80.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  28. Ying X, Song ZY, Zhao CJ, Jiang Y. Body mass index, waist circumference, cardio metabolic risk factors in young and middle-aged Chinese women. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2010;11(9):639-46.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef