Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome



Korean J Obes 2014; 23(3): 187-193

Published online September 30, 2014

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

The Effect of Nutrition and Exercise or Exercise Program alone on Macronutrients, Sodium Intake and Physical Strength in Middle Aged Obese Women

Jung Soon Han*, Ae Jung Kim

Department of Alternative Medicine, Kyonggi University, Seoul, Korea

Received: July 27, 2014; Reviewed : August 19, 2014; Accepted: August 27, 2014

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background: This study was performed to investigate the effect of nutrition and exercise or exercise program alone on macronutrients, sodium intake, and physical strength in overweight Korean middle aged women.
Methods: The subjects were middle aged obese women (N=32) with body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m2. Thirty two participants were randomly divided into two groups. They were assigned to either the nutritional management and exercise (NME) program or the exercise management (EM) program. Both programs were conducted for 3 months. The dietary intake of macro-nutrients (carbohydrates, protein, lipid), sodium intake, dietary cholesterol, blood pressure, VO2, physical strength, and etc. were measured.
Results: NME group showed decreased dietary cholesterol and significantly higher vitamin C intake than that of EM group. The dietary intake of macronutrients and sodium in NME group was lower than that of EM group, but was not statistically significant. In both NME and EM group, VO2 and physical strength were increased whereas blood pressure and pulse decreased, however no statistical significance was evident.
Conclusion: These results show that continuous NME program, rather than the EM program alone, will help prevent obesity and manage hypertension in middle aged obese women.

Keywords: Nutrition education program, Exercise program, Sodium intake, Macronutrients intake, Physical strength, Middle aged obese women

The general characteristics of participants

The comparison of BMI, blood pressure, and VO2max between NME and EM group in middle aged obese women

The comparison of NME and EM group of physical strength in middle aged obese women

The comparison of NME and EM group of daily Nutrient intake in middle aged obese women

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