J Obes Metab Syndr 2021; 30(1): 74-75
Published online March 30, 2021 https://doi.org/10.7570/jomes21006
Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.
Divisions of 1Endocrinology and 2Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon; 3Konyang University Myunggok Medical Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, 158 Gwanjeodong-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon 35365, Korea
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This study reports that 6 months of treatment with dapagliflozin combined with metformin is beneficial for obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus; this treatment improved both the metabolic parameters and pulse wave velocity (PWV). We speculated that the decrease in a patient’s arterial stiffness through treatment with dapagliflozin is beneficial to the patient’s cardiovascular health. In our study, a significant improvement in central PWV was only observed in the group with body fat reduction, and there was a significant correlation between change in body fat mass and PWV.
As you mentioned, blood pressure (BP) is an important regulator of PWV.1 We also observed that the reduced systolic BP during treatment with the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor dapagliflozin (baseline vs. after 6 months: 127.8±14.3 vs. 124.6±17.3 mmHg,
Excess visceral fat is known to be associated with increasing mean BP, and body fat reduction is associated with a decrease in mean BP.2 Persistently elevated BP and increased central fat mass in individuals may partially contribute to the increased risk of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure1 and increased cardiovascular mortality.
Visceral fat mass was the only white-adipose-tissue parameter that represented an independent, significant, and positive regressor for arterial stiffness; this determination was made through PWV analysis. The volume of visceral fat cells may explain the well-known correlations between central fat mass, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular risk, at least in obese subjects.2
The correlation coefficient (Spearman’s rho) indicates the relationship between improved PWV and waist-to-hip ratio changes between baseline and 6 months (age ≤45 years; aortic PWV, 0.92;
Central arteries are rich in elastin; this enables efficient arterial-ventricular coupling and optimal transfer of stroke volume to circulation.3,4 Elastic fibers degrade and fragment with age as well as disease progression. These phenomena are accelerated by the additional crosslinking of elastic fibers with advanced glycation end products, leading to increased arterial stiffness.5
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Study concept and design: DML, WMH; acquisition of data: DML, WMH; analysis and interpretation of data: DML, JYH, JDK, WMH; drafting of the manuscript: JYH, DML; critical revision of the manuscript: JYH, WMH, DML; statistical analysis: DML, WMH; obtained funding: DML; administrative, technical, or material support: PKY; and study supervision: DML, WMH.