Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome

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Korean J Obes 2010; 19(1): 16-23

Published online March 1, 2010

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

The Effect of 16 Week Exercise Program on Abdominal Fat, Serum Lipids,
Blood Glucose, and Blood Pressure in Obese Women

Young Hee Heo, Eung Ju Kim(1), Hong Seog Seo(1), Seon Mee Kim(2), Kyung Mook Choi(3), Taik Gun Hwang(4), Geum Joo Cho(4), Yongsoon Park*

Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University; Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Guro Hospital(1); Department of Family Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital(2); Department of Endocrinology, Korea University Guro Hospital(3); and Guro Public Health center(4)

Abstract

Background: Abdominal obesity has steadily increased
due to reduction of basic metabolic rate, lack of exercise,
excess intake, or hormonal changes in women. It is well
recognized as an important risk factor for metabolic
disease and cardiovascular disease. The present study was
to investigate the effect of exercise on abdominal fat, lipid
profile, blood glucose, and blood pressure.
Methods: Twenty-one women aged between 34 and 60
years old with BMI above 25 kg/m2 were participated in
sixteen-week exercise program at Guro-Gu community
health center. Abdominal fat by CT, lipid profile, blood
glucose, and blood pressure were measured at Guro-Korea
University Hospital before and after sixteen-week
exercise.
Results: After sixteen-week exercise, body weight,
BMI, blood pressure, and abdominal fat, especially,subcutaneous fat were significantly (P < 0.01) decreased.
Changes of BMI were positively (P < 0.05) correlated with
blood pressure, and reduction of waist circumference was
positively correlated with abdominal fat, subcutaneous fat,
and frequency of exercise. However, lipid profile and
blood glucose levels did not significantly differ before and
after sixteen-week exercise.
Conclusion: Sixteen-week exercise was very effective
on reduction of BMI, abdominal fat, and blood pressure.
However, exercise only did not significantly improve lipid
profile and blood glucose level.

Keywords: Abdominal obesity, Middle aged women, Exercise, Blood pressure, Lipid profile, Blood glucose