Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome



Korean J Obes 2010; 19(3): 95-100

Published online September 1, 2010

Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.

Body Composition in Girls with Precocious Puberty

Jung-Rim Yoon, Jung Hee Ahn, Kyoung Huh, Mi Jung Park*

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Sanggye-Paik Hospital, Inje University


Background: Recent studies have shown that early onset of puberty may attribute to the increasing prevalence of obesity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between precocious puberty and obesity by comparing the body composition of girls with precocious puberty to those of control group.
Methods: A total number of 252 girls aged 7 to 10 years [86 in control group, 75 subjects in early puberty group, and 91 girls in central precocious puberty (CPP) group] were included. Anthropometric measurements including height, weight, body mass index, body fat percent, waist circumference and bone age were measured. Endocrine investigations including estradiol, basal and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulated peak level of luteinizing hormone (LH) were compared among the CPP group, early puberty and control group using Kruskal Wallis test.
Results: The mean height was highest in CPP (135.6 ± 6.2 cm in CPP, 133.9 ± 7.7 in early puberty, 128.9 ± 5.5 in control). The body weight (P < 0.0001), BMI (P = 0.003), waist circumference (P = 0.0001) and total body fat percent (P = 0.003) were significantly higher in the early puberty group than in CPP group.
Conclusion: The results were consistent with obesity being an important contributing factor in early onset of puberty, especially in girls.

Keywords: Precocious puberty, Obesity, Body mass index, Body composition