Korean J Obes 2012; 21(4): 203-212
Published online December 30, 2012
Copyright © Korean Society for the Study of Obesity.
Young-Sun Hong, Chang-Sun KIM(1)*
Seoul Sam-Joen Elementary School, Department of Physical Education, Dongduk Women's University
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The aim of this study was to provide basic information on participation and adherence of exercise between obese children and normal-weight children by comparing their level of stress towards exercising.
Methods: The subjects involved elementary school students of 4th and 6th grades (normal weight: 287, obese: 205). The Body Fat Percentage (BFP) was measured for diagnosing obesity. The level of participation in physical activity, the self body image, and stress of exercising were evaluated by
questionnaires. Significance was verified at P < 0.05.
Results: There were significant differences in exercise intensity, favorite sport, level of subjective physical fitness between obese children and normal weight children. Obese children showed greater stress towards obesity, hot and strenuous exercise, and fear of failure. The perceived stress from peer criticism and fear of failure were greater than the stress from obesity. Participation in physical activity was negatively correlated with stress of exercising. According to the
multiple regression analysis, the stress among obese children towards hot and strenuous exercise affected the frequency and intensity of exercise. The stress from fear of failure and low exercise capacity influenced their preference of sport.
Conclusion: Obese children need help to lower their perception of stress towards hot and strenuous exercise and fear of failure. It is important to teach them to embrace stress of low exercise capacity positively in order to enhance exercise participation.
Keywords: Obese children, Body fat percentage, Self body Image, Exercise participation, Stress of exercising